Brief Report: Use of Psychotropic Medications by Youths in Therapeutic Foster Care and Group Homes – This article examines the use of psychotropic medications among youths in residential community-based placements. Data are from a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health of therapeutic foster care (June 1999 through May 2001) and group homes (January through June 2001). Data were collected from staff by means of in-person interviews. Many youths in both settings received psychotropic medications, and approximately one-half were taking multiple psychotropic medications. After the authors controlled for demographic and clinical factors, the youths in group homes were nearly twice as likely as the youths in therapeutic foster care to receive medication.