Boot Camps – Boot camp programs were developed with the promise of altering delinquent behavior by providing a regimented, quasi-military intervention. Research suggests that the programs are no more effective than other programs, and may be less effective. There are several criticisms of boot camps, including lack of a theoretical foundation, high-profile deaths and abuses, and lack of legal oversight, among others. Boot camps tend to criminalize victims, and have become less popular as a result of the high-profile negative press.