A Legacy of Scandals – Until recently, programs and schools for struggling teens—many of which are reputable, ethical, and professionally run—operated with scant scrutiny by government agencies. Anecdotes about shoddy and abusive practices remained just that—anecdotes—until around 2003, when the media, espe-cially regional media outlets, publicized crises associated with the World Wide Association of Specialty Programs and Schools (WWASPS) that we detail later in this chapter.1 WWASPS was an umbrella organization of inter-connected companies, programs that provide residential services to struggling teens (Szalavitz 2006).