Treatment Planning and Medication Monitoring Were Lacking for Children in Foster Care Receiving Psychotropic Medication – In five States, one in three children in foster care who were treated with psychotropic medications did not receive treatment planning or medication monitoring as required by States. Additionally, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) has suggested that States consider practice guidelines from professional organizations, including the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, (AACAP) related to treatment planning and medication monitoring. We found that State requirements for oversight of psychotropic medication did not always incorporate these professional practice guidelines. Treatment planning is critical to enhancing continuity of care; improving coordination of services between health and child welfare professionals; and reducing the risk of harmful side effects. Effective medication monitoring can reduce the risk of inappropriate dosing and inappropriate medication combinations.