Research on Institutional Care of Vulnerable Children – The purpose of this document is to give a brief overview of the key findings of academic research into the effects of institutional care for vulnerable children. We selected studies that used scientific sampling techniques, and the studies that are included used standardized measuring tools, comparison groups, or long-term tracking of subjects. We chose a literature review that examined the children served by group care, outcomes, cost, and policy implications. Other literature reviews examined the mental health implications of group care.